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Happy Liberation Day!

Falkland IslandsFalkland Islands


Today's Flag

is Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory located in the south Atlantic about 300 miles from South America.  The Falkland Islands were sighted in August of 1592 by British explorer Captain John Davis from his ship Desire, but were not landed on until 1690 by explorer Captain John Strong.  Spending several days in the islands after sailing there on his ship Welfare, he named the sound and islands after Viscount Falkland who was an owner of the Welfare. 

No indigenous people ever inhabited these islands, and they were claimed by the British in 1765, when a fort was built at Port Egmont.  Possession of the island had been disputed by France, Spain and the United Kingdom, until 1833, when the Royal Navy pushed out an Argentine garrison that had been established there in 1832.  A British population and administration, with the capital in Stanley has remained there ever since.

On 1 April 1982, the Argentine military invaded the Falkland Islands, in an attempt to force their claim to possession.  British forces fought back spectacularly, and after 74 days of occupation, liberated the islands on 14 June 1982.

The United Nations continues to hold a decolonization position with regards to the Falkland Islands.  Despite this, and the ongoing dispute over sovereignty between Argentina and the United Kingdom, 99.8% of Islanders voted to remain a British Overseas Territory in a 2013 internationally-supervised referendum.

The archipelago of the Falkland Islands consists of two main islands and 778 smaller islands spread over 4,700 square miles. Most of the population lives in either the capital, Stanley or in the village of Camp.

14 June is traditionally observed in the Falkland Islands as Liberation Day,  and is marked by a memorial service, parade and ceremony at the Liberation Monument in Stanley. 

Photo: Ocean-wide ExpeditionsPhoto: Ocean-wide Expeditions

Quick Facts:

Monarch: His Majesty King Charles III

Title: Charles III, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of his other realms and territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith

Accession: 8 September 2022

Governor: Alison Blake, CMG: July 2022

Population: 3,802 (click here for Worldometer current statistic)

Subjects of The Falkland Islands are called: Falklander, or Falkland Islander

State Religion: n/a

Currency: FKP Falkland Island Pound: click here for current CAD exchange rate

Capital: Stanley

Population: 2,460

Type of Government: British Overseas Territory

Head of Government: Chief Executive Andy Keeling: 5 April 2021

Governing Body:  UK Parliament, Chief Executive, Legislative Assembly

Founded: 1690 (claimed by UK)

Flag Adopted: 25 January 1999

Special National Holidays: Liberation Day: 14 June

Maps of Falkland Islands:

Photo: ReutersPhoto: Reuters

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